The Soviets succeeded in delivering Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin was the first human to succeed in space.
Humans have known the moon for a very long time. In addition to looking at it with the naked eye, scientists such as Galileo Galilei, Johannes Kepler, and Tycho Brahe after the discovery of the telescope routinely observe the moon and view the moon as a territory that has no owner.
However, curiosity about the moon is not only purely scientific reasons. There are also reasons for the cold war between the United States and the Soviets. Countries that want to carry the title of superpower are competing to send their aircraft and pilots to go to the moon. Soviet Sputnik II was recorded as the first drone that successfully orbited the Earth in 1957.
The first living creature to space
The Soviets won the first few rounds of space missions. The first win was due to Sputnik II. The second victory followed because of their success in sending a Laika dog, which is a type of hunting dog that used to live on the streets to be sent out of Earth’s orbit. This mission succeeded, making the United States feel threatened and forming NASA in 1959.
Laika was chosen between two other dogs, Albina and Mushka. All three are trained to survive in a narrow space and are accustomed to hearing sounds and vibrations that are loud enough, and also accustomed to wearing special space dog clothes. All three showed a good performance, even though Laika was chosen because of her exceptional composure. When about to be sent in a small rocket, Laika was anesthetized with a low dose, and her body was attached with sensors to record heart rate, breathing, blood pressure, and other metabolic indicators as an indication that Laika was still alive.
However, because the Soviets did not prepare plans for how to re-enter Earth’s orbit, Laika could not return and had to die in space. The Soviet reason at that time was because they only built a rocket within three weeks, so they did not prepare a re-entry plan. Laika’s death sparked much debate about the experimental ethics of animals. According to the official Soviet announcement, Laika died only hours after exiting Earth’s orbit due to extremely hot temperatures inside the plane. After his death, Russia holds the title of being the first to send living things into space successfully. Laika came to be known as a canine hero and made her statue as a memorial in 2008 near a military camp near Moscow.
The First Man to Space
Although almost all of us know that Neil Armstrong was the first person to set foot on the moon successfully, not many people know who was the first person to succeed in going into space. He is Yuri Gagarin, a Soviet air force pilot who, in 1961, managed to record a record as the first man to succeed in space. Again the Soviets won to be first. While the first to successfully land an astronaut on the moon was the United States through the Apollo 11 mission in 1969.
Why continue to explore the moon?
During the Apollo missions, the research astronauts carried around 382 kg of material from the moon to the Earth. When these rocks are examined, it can be predicted how the moon is now formed from fragments of the universe. What crashed the moon became the form of the moon we see today. Even research has reached the level of mapping the area on the moon based on its gravity. Because the moon has water and oxygen, if the water is processed, it will be additional fuel for the spacecraft. While the oxygen found could be used to supplement oxygen reserves of astronauts. That is why the moon is thought to be a temporary stop before astronauts and spacecraft can explore our galaxy to a further point. Not only the United States and the Soviet Union, but now the research mission on the moon is also joined by many other countries, such as Japan, European countries, China, and India.